To enhance Poultry Production and Nutrition through research, development and technology
transfer using relevant, recent and innovative nutritional and feeding approaches.
The South African Poultry Industry consists of three distinct and separate divisions:
the day-old chick supplier industry
the broiler industry and
the egg production industry
The science of poultry nutrition involves providing a balance of nutrients that best meet the bird's needs for growth and development, maintenance, and production. The supply of nutrients should be refined to preclude over and under supply of nutrients while considering economic and environmental implications. It is elusive and expensive to simultaneously supply all nutrients to meet the exact nutrient requirement of the birds. Therefore, an ideal protein concept is generally exercised. The ideal protein can be defined as one that provides the exact balance of amino acids needed for optimum performance and maximum growth of chickens. It is essential amino acids in dietary protein that a bird requires and not the protein per se. In poultry diets, first and second limiting amino acids include methionine and lysine, respectively. In formulating diets the following nutrients are considered:
Energy; Protein; Animo Acids; Fat; Vitamins; Minerals and Water
Each of these separate types of ingredient provides a specific quantity and quality of nutrients to the diet. Balancing these ingredients to produce the diet formulation relies on the skill of the nutritionist.
In order to produce a diet, the nutritionist must know the birds' needs and the composition of the ingredients.
Formulation = Balance needs vs ingredients vs costs.
Poultry meat and eggs are primary sources of quality animal protein.
Poultry is affordable meat with a large customer demand.
Broiler chickens are marketable in a short space of time (5 to 6 weeks).
Today layers will provide an egg almost every day and after a year they can be marketed as spent hens to pay for replacement hens plus a small profit.
Broiler and layer accommodation requires less space than ruminant animal production systems.
Poultry production provides a constant source of income for entrepreneurs and related processing industries.
Poultry production has the potential to expand from a small to medium scale enterprise as and when money becomes available.
Suppliers of day-old chicks and pullets
Suppliers of equipment
Institutions providing training and technology transfer
Conducting research that investigates the impact of poultry production factors and nutrition on bird health, performance and food safety
Promoting healthy and safer production of poultry meat and eggs through adequate feeding and nutrition
Conducting research with partners and stakeholder including producers, processors, communities, universities, and public agencies
Providing demonstrations and regular poultry production and nutrition advisory services
Participating in information dissemination activities aimed at informing the poultry industry
Conducting accredited training courses in poultry production for poultry farmers as mandated by AGRISETA
South African Poultry Industry
Poultry Housing and Basic Equipment
Care and Rearing of Chicks
Care and Rearing of Pullets
Care of Laying Hens
Quality of Eggs
Fly control and Biosecurity
Financial Management and Marketing
Layer chickensPoultry Feed
Dr C.N Ncobela – Researcher Poultry
Environmentally controlled broiler house
Feeding trial conducted at ARC- APPoultry Nutrition Facility
Broiler and layer research on alternative feeding and other technologies for cost reduction
Use of alternative feed additives to replace antibiotic growth promoters (AGPs) in poultry feeds
Effects of multiphase feeding on digestibility and gut health of poultry
Breeding and genetics to improve local production systems, indigenous chickens. The conservation and utilisation of indigenous chickens, to improve food security
Intervention for improving small scale production system
Technology transfer, i.e. presenting at courses, farmers days, training of students from tertiary institutions, farmers. Development of manuals, books and leaflets, Provincial Department of Agriculture and farmers
Mentorship to emerging farmers
Taking part in industry group and tertiary education meetings
Refereeing of articles for scientific journal