ORIGIN AND DISTRIBUTION

Coffee is indigenous to the highlands of Ethiopia and the Boma plateau in the Sudan. In both these areas coffee trees occur naturally at 1 300 - 1 800 metres above sea level. Today coffee is grown in some 80 countries in the world, e.g. South and Central America (Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica and El Salvador), Africa (Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Uganda, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe) and Asia (India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Sri Lanka and Vietnam).

PRODUCTION LEVELS AND AREA

SOUTH AFRICA

Total area under coffee            =          ± 200 hectare

Total production                      =          3 500 (60 Kg bags)

Production per hectare            =          2 ton


Areas in South Africa where coffee is planted are in the following provinces:

Mpumalanga:                                    Hazyview and Barberton

Limpopo:                                          Bushbuck Ridge

Eastern Province:                               East London

KwaZulu-Natal:                                  South and North Coast

 

UTILISATION

Due to its outstanding taste, Arabica coffee is mainly used for the filter coffee market.

Robusta c​offee, Coffea canephora, is used for the instant coffee market. It has a neutral taste and is blended with chicory.

Production Guidelines for Coffee

Order form:  ARC-TSC Book Catalogue


Editors:
 T. Anderson & P.S. Schoeman
Size:  A5
Price:  R48