The operations of the Grains and Industrial Crops division are carried out through the following business units:

 

ARC-Grain Crops Institute (Potchefstroom)

This unit works towards the improvement and cultivation of grain crops - for example summer grains such as maize, sorghum and millet, as well as oil and protein seeds such as sunflower, groundnut, soya beans, dry beans, cowpeas, sweet white lupin and bambara. Research activities cover plant breeding, the evaluation of cultivars, grain quality, plant physiology, tillage, weed science, plant pathology, entomology and yield potential.

 

ARC-Small Grain Institute (Bethlehem)

The Small Grain Institute focuses on the improvement and cultivation of small grain crops such as wheat, barley, oats, triticale and rye. Its research work covers plant breeding, the evaluation of cultivars, grain quality, plant physiology, tillage, weed science, plant pathology, entomology and yield potential.

 

ARC-Institute for Industrial Crops (Rustenburg)

This unit conducts fundamental and applied research on cotton and tobacco, and industrial crops such as hemp, sisal, flax and cassava. Research activities include plant breeding, the evaluation of cultivars, fibre and seed quality, weed science, plant pathology, entomology and yield potential.

The Grains and Industrial Crops Division will research the re-introduction of indigenous crops. This will benefit not only biodiversity but also counter malnutrition and improve food security and soil fertility. The introduction of such indigenous crops such as cowpea, bambara, millet and sorghum is a positive challenge.